Difficulties with language may affect:
• Verbal expression – for example: thinking of the correct words, using correct grammar, ensuring words are in the right order in a sentence.
• Understanding spoken language (listening) – for example: following instructions, accurately recalling information which was heard, being able to understand and follow an entire conversation.
• Writing – forming letters of the alphabet, spelling words correctly, ordering words into a sentence.
• Reading – understanding written text – including the recognition and comprehension of single words, being able to follow written directions and understanding long passages of writing (such as a newspaper article).
Problems with language may continue on from pre-existing difficulties in childhood or they may be acquired in adulthood. Possible causes for a deterioration in language function may include:
• Brain injury – stroke or traumatic head injury
• Neurological conditions which may affect cognition and language – such as Dementia.